波士顿水果公司

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波士顿水果公司

波士顿水果公司,一家香蕉进口公司United States。1885年,当洛伦佐·D·贝克上尉和安德鲁·W·普雷斯顿的领导下有十二名新英格兰人投资15,000美元,以建立波士顿水果公司,这家企业至少加入了十九世纪后期成立的其他60家香蕉公司,从Central Americaand theWest Indiesto theUnited States。By 1890, when the company was incorporated in Massachusetts, Boston Fruit had become the most successful banana company in the United States. The initial investment had grown to $531,000. There were several reasons for the company's success in transporting and marketing one of the world's most perishable fruits. Replacing sailing vessels with steamships, the company soon purchased two of the fastest cargo ships operating in the Caribbean. Because Boston Fruit established extensive banana plantations in Jamaica, the company was assured a steady supply of the golden fruit—upward of 250,000 stems a year by 1892. In order to expand the distribution and sales of its bananas, Boston Fruit formed the Fruit Dispatch Company, which allowed it to reach U.S. inland markets. In 1899 Boston Fruit merged with Minor C. Keith's three banana companies, with extensive holdings inCosta Rica, Panama, and Colombia, to form the United Fruit Company.

也可以看看Banana Industry;水果Industry

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Charles M. Wilson,Empire in Green and Gold: The Story of the American Banana Trade(1947),第69-97页。

Stacy May and Galo Plaza,The United Fruit Company inLatin America(1958), pp. 5-7.

威尔逊·兰道夫·巴特利特(Wilson Randolph Bartlett,Jr。),“洛伦佐·道德·贝克(Lorenzo Dow Baker)和牙买加与美国之间的香蕉贸易的发展,1881- 1890年”(博士学位,美国大学,1977年)。

其他参考书目

Bucheli, Marcelo.香蕉与商业:哥伦比亚的联合水果公司,1899 - 2000年纽约:纽约大学出版社,2005年。

Clegg, Peter.加勒比香蕉贸易:从殖民主义到全球化。纽约: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Striffler, Steve, and Mark Moberg.Banana Wars: Power, Production, and History in the Americas。Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.

黛安·斯坦利(Diane Stanley)

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